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An objective analysis resulting in a list of the most recognized novels published in the English language from 1918 - 1990, a starting-point for readers to approach a well-read status.
Pulitzer Prize 1
In 1912, one year after Pulitzer's death aboard his yacht, the Columbia School of Journalism was
founded, and the first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded in 1917 under the supervision of the advisory board to which he had entrusted his mandate. Pulitzer envisioned an advisory board composed principally of newspaper publishers. Others would include the president of Columbia University and scholars, and "persons of distinction who are not journalists or editors." Today, the 19-member board is composed mainly of leading editors or news executives. Four academics also serve, including the president of Columbia University and the dean of the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism. The dean and the administrator of the prizes are non-voting members. The chair rotates annually to the most senior member. The board is self-perpetuating in the election of members. Voting members may serve three terms of three years. In the selection of the members of the board and of the juries, close attention is given to professional excellence and affiliation, as well as diversity in terms of gender, ethnic background, geographical distribution and size of newspaper.
The final act of the annual competition is enacted in early April when the board assembles for two days in the Pulitzer World Room of the Columbia School of Journalism. In prior weeks, the board had
read the texts of the 15 nominated books. By custom, it is incumbent on board members not to vote on any award under consideration unless they have reviewed the entries.
There are subcommittees for books whose members usually lead the discussions. The board, in turn, reviews the nominations of each jury. Each jury is required to offer three nominations but in no order of preference, although the jury chair in a report accompanying the submission can broadly reflect the views of the members. Board discussions are animated and often hotly debated.
Awards are made by majority vote, but the board is also empowered to vote 'no award,' or by threefourths vote to select an entry that has not been nominated or to switch nominations among the categories. If the board is dissatisfied with the nominations of any jury, it can ask the Administrator to consult with the chair by telephone to ascertain if there are other worthy entries. Meanwhile, the deliberations continue.
Both the jury nominations and the awards voted by the board are held in strict confidence until the announcement of the prizes, which takes place several days after the meeting in the World Room. Towards three o'clock p.m. (Eastern Time) of the day of the announcement, in hundreds of newsrooms across the United States, journalists gather to wait for the bulletins that bring explosions of joy and celebrations to some and disappointment to others. The announcement is made precisely at three o'clock at a news conference held by the administrator in the World Room.
Apart from accounts carried prominently by newspapers, television, radio, and Internet sites, the details appear on the Pulitzer Web site. The announcement includes the name of the winner as well as the names of the other two finalists. The three finalists are the only entries in the competition that are recognized by the Pulitzer office as nominees. The announcement also lists the board members and the names of the jurors (which have previously been kept confidential to avoid lobbying.)
For most recipients of the Pulitzer Prizes, the cash award is only incidental to the prestige accruing to them and their works. There are numerous competitions that bestow far larger cash awards, yet which do not rank in public perception on a level with the Pulitzers. The Pulitzer accolade on the cover of a book usually does translate into commercial gain. Unlike the elaborate ceremonies and royal banquets attendant upon the presentation of the Nobel Prizes in Stockholm and Oslo, since 1984 Pulitzer winners have received their prizes from the president of Columbia University at a modest but mellow luncheon in May in the rotunda of the Low Library in the presence of family members, professional associates, board members, and the faculty of the School of Journalism. The board has declined offers to transform the occasion into a television extravaganza.
The Novel category was re-named Fiction in 1947. Below are the Pultizer Prizes awarded from 1918 - 1990 that were considered in the Myjak Novel Analysis:
|Year||Novel and Author|
|1918||His Family by Ernest Poole|
|1919||The Magnificent Ambersons by Booth Tarkington|
|1921||The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton|
|1922||Alice Adams by Booth Tarkington|
|1923||One of Ours by Willa Cather|
|1924||The Able McLaughlins by Margaret Wilson|
|1925||So Big by Edna Ferber|
|1926||Arrowsmith by Sinclair Lewis|
|1927||Early Autumn by Louis Bromfield|
|1928||The Bridge of San Luis Rey by Thornton Wilder|
|1929||Scarlet Sister Mary by Julia Peterkin|
|1930||Laughing Boy by Oliver Lafarge|
|1931||Years of Grace by Margaret Ayer Barnes|
|1932||The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck|
|1933||The Store by T. S. Stribling|
|1934||Lamb in His Bosom by Caroline Miller|
|1935||Now in November by Josephine Winslow Johnson|
|1936||Honey in the Horn by Harold L. Davis|
|1937||Gone With the Wind by Margaret Mitchell|
|1938||The Late George Apley by John Phillips Marquand|
|1939||The Yearling by Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings|
|1940||The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck|
|1942||In This Our Life by Ellen Glasgow|
|1943||Dragon's Teeth by Upton Sinclair|
|1944||Journey in the Dark by Martin Flavin|
|1945||A Bell for Adano by John Hersey|
|1947||All the King's Men by Robert Penn Warren|
|1948||Tales of the South Pacific by James A. Michener|
|1949||Guard of Honor by James Gould Cozzens|
|1950||The Way West by A. B. Guthrie, Jr.|
|1951||The Town by Conrad Richter|
|1952||The Caine Mutiny by Herman Wouk|
|1953||The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway|
|1955||A Fable by William Faulkner|
|1956||Andersonville by MacKinlay Kantor|
|1958||A Death In The Family by the late James Agee (a posthumous publication)|
|1959||The Travels of Jaimie McPheeters by Robert Lewis Taylor|
|1960||Advise and Consent by Allen Drury|
|1961||To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee|
|1962||The Edge of Sadness by Edwin O'Connor|
|1963||The Reivers by William Faulkner|
|1965||The Keepers Of The House by Shirley Ann Grau|
|1966||Collected Stories by Katherine Anne Porter|
|1967||The Fixer by Bernard Malamud|
|1968||The Confessions of Nat Turner by William Styron|
|1969||House Made of Dawn by N. Scott Momaday|
|1970||Collected Stories by Jean Stafford|
|1972||Angle of Repose by Wallace Stegner|
|1973||The Optimist's Daughter by Eudora Welty|
|1975||The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara|
|1976||Humboldt's Gift by Saul Bellow|
|1978||Elbow Room by James Alan McPherson|
|1979||The Stories of John Cheever by John Cheever|
|1980||The Executioner's Song by Norman Mailer|
|1981||A Confederacy of Dunces by the late John Kennedy Toole (a posthumous publication)|
|1982||Rabbit Is Rich by John Updike, the latest novel in a memorable sequence|
|1983||The Color Purple by Alice Walker|
|1984||Ironweed by William Kennedy|
|1985||Foreign Affairs by Alison Lurie|
|1986||Lonesome Dove by Larry McMurtry|
|1987||A Summons to Memphis by Peter Taylor|
|1988||Beloved by Toni Morrison|
|1989||Breathing Lessons by Anne Tyler|
|1990||The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love by Oscar Hijuelos|
The following are the sources of the information presented above:
1 The Pulitzer Prizes. Pulitzer Biography.
(2008) : Internet.
2 The Pulitzer Prizes. Administration
(2009) : Internet.
3 The Pulitzer Prizes. Novel
(2009) : Internet.
4 The Pulitzer Prizes. Fiction
(2009) : Internet.